The health care activities were entrusted to selected families who were proficient in the 8 branches of Ayurveda. The literal translation of Ashtavaidya is 'Eight Scholars/Physicians' probably referring to the mastery over the 8 branches of ayurveda.  

 

These branches are:

1.    General medicine: Kaya Chikitsa

2.    Surgery: Salya Chikitsa

3.    Ears, nose and throat neurology: Oordhwanga Chikitsa

4.    Pediatrics: Bala Chikitsa

5.    Toxicology: Damshtra Chikitsa

6.    Genatrics: Jara Chikitsa

7.    Gynaecology and Rejuvenation Therapy: Virsha Chikitsa

8.    Psychiatry: Graha Chikitsa